Hookworms     wpe13.jpg (2422 bytes)

 

Types:

Ancylostoma tubaeforme and Ancylostoma braziliense, which are both types of roundworms. Unlike roundworms, however, these worms feed on blood.

Effects:

Include dermatitis, pneumonia, anemia and black, tarry feces. Hookworms are not usually life threatening, but, as with all parasites, should be taken seriously.

Human infections referred to as dermal larval migrans or creeping. As the larvae migrate through the skin and finally die, there is an inflammatory response, and the progress of the larvae through the skin can actually be followed since they leave a tortuous "track" of inflamed tissue just under the surface of the skin. Treatment of such infections requires surgical removal of the migrating larvae. Considering the location of larvae, just under the skin, in light infections this can be done under local anesthesia and is a relatively simple procedure. Infections involving large numbers of larvae can be very uncomfortable, and treatment (removal) might require general anesthesia and supportive treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs.

Prevention:

They breed in sandboxes, kitty litter pans, gardens so be sure to keep them clean.

Treatment:

Wormers don’t actually kill the worms, instead they dislodge them from the intestinal track so that the cat can pass them. It is absolutely necessary that the treatment be given according to the directions and on schedule, otherwise the parasites will mitigate and continue the infection. WF recommends Drontal, which treats several parasites. The tablets should be crushed and mixed with canned cat food. The care giver should be sure that each cat receives only the recommended dosage.